Thermal Behavior Comparison of Concrete, Modern and Vernacular Materials on Non-load Bearing Wall in Rural Habitats of Mountainous Area of Guilan (Case Study: Shah Millarzan Talesh)

Document Type : p


1 Department of Architecture, Art University of Esfahan, Esfahan, Iran

2 Associate Professor, School of Architecture and Environmental Design, Iran University of Sciences and Technology (I.U.S.T), Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture, Art University of Esfahan, Esfahan, Iran

4 Professor, Department of Geography, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, Iran


Thermal behavior evaluation can be many effective in providing comfort condition using minimum energy consumption. Applying different concrete materials in non-load bearing walls can be beneficial, due to existence of sand and gravel in site reducing transportation costs. On the other hand, these materials have shown more serviceable in thermal behavior. At first in present paper, vernacular habitat in Shahmillarzan Talesh has been selected. Then, using Climatic Consultant Software, a few number of factors such as temperature, relative humid, solar radiation and wind status have been investigated and their charts have been drawn to find their effects. Moreover, building mentioned simulated by Design Builder to evaluate thermal comfort behavior of different concrete materials in comparison with modern and vernacular. Results have shown that reinforced and aerated concrete can provide acceptable thermal behavior same thermalite and polystyrene. And also, hollow concrete can be very suitable choice for internal non-load bearing walls in next step.